2018 Nobel Peace Prize: End Sex Slavery, End Violence Against Women and End Genocide; 2018年諾貝爾和平獎: 終止戰爭性奴隸、終止人口販賣及種族屠殺

今天學習的新聞 (請打開下面的鏈接閱讀完整的文章)
A Mighty Girl – Yazidi Woman Who Escaped ISIS Sex Slavery Awarded Nobel Peace Prize – October 5, 2018 – by Katherine

重要段落翻譯:

娜迪雅·穆拉德是位勇敢的雅茲迪女子。她逃脫了伊斯蘭國的性奴隸囚禁,並成為全球為受暴女孩和婦女而戰的人權人士。她獲得2018年諾貝爾和平獎!2014年,穆拉德居住的村莊遭到伊斯蘭國攻擊。那時她只有21歲,她被迫成為伊斯蘭國奴隸。在成功逃脫之前,她遭受數月的強姦,虐待和暴力。逃脫後,穆拉德一直致力為仍然被囚禁的雅茲迪婦女,以及全世界受暴力傷害女孩和婦女發聲。這位25歲的人權人士說:「所有犯下人口販賣及種族屠殺的人都必須被繩之以法,讓婦女和兒童們能夠平靜的生活。這些危害婦女及其自由的罪行,都該終止。」

穆拉德是和一名剛果的醫生丹尼斯·慕克維格共同獲得2018年的諾貝爾和平獎。慕克維格幾十年的職業生涯一直在剛果致力於治療性暴力的受害者。今年是聯合國安理會第1820號決議十週年, 該決議宣布性暴力是一種戰爭罪行,對國際安全構成威脅。他們的獲獎是合適的選擇。挪威諾貝爾委員會主席Berit Reiss-Andersen表示:「穆拉德用個人經驗作為平台來說出這種暴行是具有非凡的意義。如果我們希望人們 ‘不再戰爭’,我們就必須真實地傳達出戰爭是多麼醜陋、多麼具有破壞性、多麼殘酷。」今天,穆拉德繼續為終止對婦女施暴而努力。正如她在自傳中所說: 「我想成為世界上最後一個有像我一樣的故事女孩。」穆拉德在得知獲得諾貝爾獎後的一份聲明中敦促人們: 繼續為那些仍然被俘囚禁的1300名婦女和兒童努力,並呼籲「追究肇事者的責任,並為倖存者伸張正義」。

重點詞彙介紹:
courageous: 勇敢的
Yazidi: 雅茲迪 (中東伊拉克北部,信仰一種古老宗教的群體)
sexual enslavement: 性奴役
Nobel Peace Prize: 諾貝爾和平獎
forced into: 被迫..
captivity: 囚禁, 被俘
human trafficking: 販賣人口
genocide: 種族屠殺
be brought to justice: 被繩之以法
physician: 醫師
apt choice: 適合的選擇
atrocity: 殘暴行為
memoir: 自傳
accountability: 負有責任
perpetrator: 肇事者

Nadia Murad, the courageous Yazidi woman who escaped sexual enslavement by ISIS and went on to become a global champion for girls and women affected by violence, has just been awarded the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize! Murad was only 21 when her village was attacked by ISIS fighters in 2014 and she was forced into slavery. She spent months suffering rape, abuse, and violence before successfully escaping. Since that time, she has devoted herself to speaking on behalf of the Yazidi women still in captivity, as well as other girls and women who are victims of violence worldwide. “All those who commit the crimes of human trafficking and genocide must be brought to justice so that women and children can live in peace,” asserts the 25-year-old activist. “These crimes against women and their freedom must be brought to an end today.”

Murad shares the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize with physician Denis Mukwege, who has dedicated decades of his career to treating victims of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The pair are an apt choice this year, the tenth anniversary of the United Nations’ Resolution 1820, which declared systematic sexual violence is a war crime and a threat to international security. “Nadia Murad is extraordinary in the sense that she used her personal experience as a platform to speak up about this kind of atrocity,” says Berit Reiss-Andersen, Chair of the Norwegian Nobel Committee. “If we want people to say ‘no more war,’ we also have to communicate how ugly and how destructive and how brutal it in fact is.” Today, Murad continues to work for an end to violence against women; as she stated in her memoir: “I want to be the last girl in the world with a story like mine.” In a statement after learning about the Nobel Prize, she urged people to continue to fight for the “1,300 women and children, [who] remain in captivity” and called for “accountability for the perpetrators and justice for the survivors.”